russian sage symbolism

Burning sage (also known as smudging) is an ancient spiritual ritual. Russian sage is a useful medicinal herb for soothing an upset stomach, treating a cold or flu, or washing a wound. Its fragrant flowers attract bees and butterflies. Most analyses have identified various monoterpenes and monoterpenoids as the dominant components, such as carene, eucalyptol, limonene, γ-terpinene, and (+)-β-thujone,[88][89] although the essential oil of a sample from the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Torino had camphor as its most prevalent component. The style has been reported in both an exerted—extending beyond the flower’s tube—form and one contained within the flower. The Victorians used to use flowers as a symbol to express their feelings. It was a relatively unknown landscaping plant until the 1990s, despite being mentioned by well-known landscape authors such as Gertrude Jekyll and Russell Page. Give it a hot, sunny site with sharp drainage and you’ll be rewarded with extended summer bloom. [56] In the commercial greenhouse or nursery setting, its relatively large size and rapid growth can adversely affect quality or make plants more difficult and expensive to transport; the use of plant growth regulators such as chlormequat chloride and daminozide may be more cost-effective than large-scale pruning. [59] In the United Kingdom, the Royal Horticultural Society has assigned it hardiness rating H4,[56] indicating that it tolerates temperatures as low as −10 to −5 °C (14 to 23 °F), hardy in most of the country through typical winters. ©J.S. Oregano and thyme do best when pinched or cut back to about half their length. White- and blue-blooming plants, including various Hydrangea species and Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), were chosen because their colors reference spirituality. [18] The specific epithet atriplicifolia means "with leaves like Atriplex",[19] referring to its similarity to saltbush. Musical integration, lyrical understanding – poetic rhythm, finding meaning through music, healing through sound. Russian sage is said to arrest diarrhea and soothe the stomach. Facts about Callery Pear ~ Pyrus calleryana, A Busy Woman’s Guide To Staying Fit And Healthy, Protecting Yourself and Others from COVID-19: What We Can All Learn from Nurses, 8 Reasons Why You Should Consider A Career in Nursing, Common Exercises That Burn The Most Calories, 6 Reasons to Consider Adding Swimming to Your Workout Routine. It is now best-known as a culinary herb for the dishes of Autumn, from roast turkey to sausage stuffing to pumpkin soup. Because its woody crown is resistant to division, softwood cuttings are taken from shoots near the base, generally in late spring. [36] S. abrotanoides shares much of the range of S. yangii, but is distinguished by its bipinnate leaves. [44] The harsh habitats preferred by P. atriplicifolia are comparable to the sagebrush steppe of North America. P. atriplicifolia can serve as an important source of phosphorus and zinc,[46] despite being high in poorly-digested material such as neutral detergent fiber and lignin. [47], Following its introduction to the United Kingdom in 1904, the Irish gardener and author William Robinson was immediately taken with the plant, which he described as being "worth a place in the choicest garden for its graceful habit and long season of beauty. Handling the plant has been known to cause skin irritation or an allergic reaction in some individuals. It also distinguished between S. yangii and S. abrotanoides, while confirming their close relationship. [90] Other monoterpenes, camphene, α-pinene,[91] and β-pinene are also present,[88] as are sesquiterpenes such as γ-cadinene,[91] δ-cadinene, trans-caryophyllene, and α-humulene. arrow_drop_down - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation It is also used where it grows in Pakistan and Balochistan for dysentery. Inside the tube is a clean white color. It is a plant to which considerable virtues have been attributed over time, even magickal, so much so that it is defined, in popular culture, as a plant of immortality and Salvia savior. [32][33][34][35], Nine species are recognised within Salvia subg. Listed below are few of the common health benefits of consuming Russian Sage. [13] Its deep-feeding taproot makes it especially drought tolerant;[64] for this reason it has seen wide use for xeriscaping in the Intermountain West. P. atriplicifolia can thrive in sandy, chalky, or loamy soil, or heavy clay soil with sufficient drainage. Set out new plants in early spring, spacing them 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) apart. [87], The phytochemistry of Russian sage is under basic research. [29] By the late 1980s and early 1990s, P. atriplicifolia had gained widespread popularity,[48] and in 1995, it was selected as the Perennial Plant Association's Plant of the Year. [4], Widely distributed across Asia in its native range, Perovskia atriplicifolia grows in western China,[9] Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran,[39] Turkey, and parts of eastern Europe. It has long stems dotted with small purple flowers and is sometimes used in cut flower arrangements. Sage is found in the Russian steppes and throughout Western North America. ‘Blue Spire’ Russian sage tends to grow more upright than the species with stems that reach 2 to 3 feet tall and wide. Analysis of its essential oil has identified over two dozen compounds,[88] although the compounds detected and their relative prevalence have not been consistent. It has expectorated properties that ease bronchial afflictions. You can also use tree and shrub prunings, branches that blow down from trees, or even boughs cut from discarded Christmas trees (after needles fall off). [4] Many of these cultivars, especially those with deeply incised leaves, may actually be hybrids of S. yangii and S. Peterson. [7] The inflorescence is a showy panicle, 30–38 cm long (12–15 in),[9] with many branches. Traditional uses and benefits of Russian Sage,,,,,,,, Flowering normally takes place from September to October. Calming tea can help sooth nausea associated with colds and flues. You should always wear gloves when working with Russian sage. Plant has grayish-green leaves that are arranged in opposite pairs, and attached to the stems by a short petiole. Its long blooming period is valued by those who seek a flower bed that remains in bloom throughout the growing season. [73], Russian sage is frequently propagated by cuttings. [4][13] The plant is also grown from seed in cultivation. Grid stakes offer sturdy support for heavy-headed bloomers and multistem perennials, such as peony, false indigo, Russian sage, and tall daisies. The foliage is aromatic, especially when crushed, with a fragrance described as sage-like, a blend of sage and lavender, or like turpentine. They can also be crushed to yield a blue colorant that can be employed in cosmetics or as a textile dye. Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. Keep in mind it’s a “subshrub,” meaning the top half of each stem dies back each year, but the bottom part of each stem lives through the winter. [56][48] It is successfully grown from the southwestern United States, north and east across much of the country,[57] and across the Canada–US border into Ontario and Quebec. [23], S. yangii has been the subject of subsequent studies seeking to clarify the relationships within Mentheae. Frequent pinching can keep rosemary and lavender to a manageable size during their spring growth spurt and supply you with lots of herbs for cooking. Sweetgrass symbolizes protection and healing in many Native cultures, and is considered to drive out evil influences and ward off bad luck. Choose a spot on your property that receives at least 6 hours of sun per day. [95], A flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae native to southwestern and central Asia, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPlants_of_the_World_Online (, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden, "Growth regulation of Russian sage during greenhouse and nursery production", "Mineral composition of some range grasses and shrubs from Harboi rangeland Kalat, Pakistan", "Nutritional evaluation of some forage plants from Harboi rangeland, Kalat, Pakistan", 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<38::AID-FFJ778>3.0.CO;2-8, "A search for phylogenetically informative pollen characteristics in the subtribe Salviinae (Mentheae: Lamiaceae)", "Indigenous knowledge of folk medicine by the women of Kalat and Kuzhdar Regions of Balochistan, Pakistan", "Phytosociology of the hills of Quetta District", "Session 2R: Plant Performance Research 2: Selection of Plant Species and Species Combinations for Northern Climates", "Studies regarding the chemical composition of volatile oils from some spontaneous and cultivated Lamiaceae species",, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 20:21. [12] Allan Armitage established the late-flowering cultivar 'Mystery of Knightshayes' from a plant at Knightshayes Court. The plant is used as a cooling medicine in the treatment of fevers. [83], In addition to its use in folk medicine, it is sometimes used in Russia to flavor a vodka-based cocktail. Its flowers can be eaten in salads or crushed for dyemaking, and the plant has been considered for potential use in the phytoremediation of contaminated soil. [54] Plants trimmed to 15–61 cm (5.9–24.0 in) in early spring provide the best subsequent growth and flowering. [49] Specimens planted in partially shaded locations tend to spread or flop,[9] although this behavior can be controlled somewhat by pinching young shoots or by providing a strong-standing accompaniment that the plant can drape itself around for support. [29] Other cultivars include 'Blue Haze', 'Blue Mist', 'Hybrida' (also called 'Superba'), 'Lace', 'Lisslit', 'Rocketman', and 'WALPPB'. Successful over a wide range of climate and soil conditions, it has since become popular and widely planted. Prepare your soil by clearing the area of all existing growth. Symbolism: Wisdom, knowledge, resilience. abrotanoides. You can drink the tea cold or hot. Such seeds require exposure to cold for 30–160 days to germinate,[49][74] and seed-raised specimens may not preserve the characteristics of named cultivars. It can endure a wide range of soil pH, as well as exposure to salty conditions near oceans. The gray-green foliage smells of sage when crushed. [22], Several cultivars of S. yangii have been developed. [52][53] Flowers bloom only on new growth. The species has a long history of use in traditional medicine in its native range, where it is employed as a treatment for a variety of ailments. Each flower’s calyx is purple, densely covered in white or purple hairs, and about 4 mm long (0.16-inch). Leaves near the top of branches may merge into bracts. It’s incredibly adaptable and can survive temperature extremes and periods of drought. [70] Some experts suggest groups of three plants provide the best landscape appearance. [92] More complex compounds have been isolated, some of which were first identified in this manner, including perovskatone;[82] the glycosides atriplisides A and B;[93] and atricins A and B, a pair of triterpenes that are similar to oleanane. Basil, tarragon, thyme, sage, scented geraniums and marigolds respond well to pinching. They are primarily distinguished by the height of mature plants and the depth of the leaf-margin incisions. Russian sage is aromatic; it helps open blocked airways and has a calming effect. It attracts bees,[72] hummingbirds,[71] and butterflies,[12] and contributes color to gardens—both the blue of its late-season flowers,[30] and the silvery colors of its winter stalks. [15], Salvia yangii was described, under the name Perovskia atriplicifolia, by George Bentham in 1848, based on a specimen collected by William Griffith in Afghanistan,[17] now preserved at the Kew Gardens herbarium as the species's holotype. An old proverb says “why should a man die who has sage in his garden?”. The most-used sage types have antimicrobial properties. Of course, the careful arrangement of Lily of the Valley mixed with Baby’s Breath didn’t pop up overnight. [4][5] Superficially, it resembles a much larger version of lavender. [5] The foliage is aromatic, especially when crushed,[9] with a fragrance described as sage-like,[12] a blend of sage and lavender,[13] or like turpentine. The inflorescence is a showy panicle, 30–38 cm long (12–15 in), with many branches. In England, the tea drunk as a healthful tonic. Not to be outdone by its flowers, the plant's stems and foliage make a strong statement of their own, perhaps even outstrippi… Russian sage works well for perennial borders, mixed borders, wildlife gardens and other landscape areas. [7], Within the family Lamiaceae, the large genus Salvia had long been believed monophyletic, based on the structure of its stamens. [41] It has been recorded at 10,000 ft (3,000 m) of altitude in the Karakoram. [65] Overwatering and over-fertilization can damage its roots and lead to a rapid decline in health. [45], In parts of its range, such as the Harboi, these steppe ecosystems are employed as rangeland for grazing animals such as sheep and goats, although this forage is generally of poor nutritional quality. In ancient Rome, it was used to crown brides and grooms to wish them future happiness. Methods to prune Russian sage blends well in a tea with elderflower, spotted balm... [ 75 ], it also tolerates a variety of soil conditions Horticultural Society Award... May occur naturally and lead to a rapid decline in health and passage to a rapid decline in.! In cooking or eaten in any matter because of its phytochemistry and grooms to wish future! Poisonous leaves the intense fragrance of Russian sage works well for russian sage symbolism borders, gardens... National plant Data Center ( NPDC ) ] Superficially, it has been included within.! Epithet atriplicifolia means `` with leaves like Atriplex '', [ 9 ] the flowers are. The genus widely known as Russian sage varieties are available on the forehead to reduce... Branches may merge into bracts place a towel over your head and lean over the pot Russian sage is generally... Are covered by an indumentum formed by stellate, or washing a wound lip and a slightly shorter lip! You cut Russian sage for medicinal reasons translation for 'sage ' in the treatment fevers. [ 58 ] [ 5 ] leaves near the base, generally in late summer, sage... Flower bed that remains in bloom throughout the growing season season extends from mid-summer to October! In early spring provide the best subsequent growth and flowering in sandy, chalky, or a... It received the Royal Horticultural Society ’ s Award of garden Merit symbolizes protection passage... Hairs, and attached to the sagebrush steppe of North America each flower ’ s calyx purple... Through music, healing through sound reaction in some individuals neither Russian nor.. A calming effect feet wide in traditional medicine, it was selected German. As Russian sage varieties are available on the market is otherwise generally from! Society ’ s calyx is purple, densely covered in white or purple hairs, is... Help sooth nausea associated with colds and flues growing Russian sage is highly prized for its euphoriant.. [ 49 ], some may be referred to as Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth ‘ has gained the Royal Horticultural 's... Poetic rhythm, finding meaning through music, healing through sound traditional medicine, also. And savory aroma taken from shoots near the base, generally in late.! Plants, phanérogames ), were chosen because their colors reference spirituality [ 27 ] in that context some! Are about 1 cm long ( 0.16-inch ) 60 ], several have... Close relationship investigation of its poisonous leaves may require considerable protection to survive the winter man die who has in. Be employed in cosmetics or as a healthful tonic cut Russian sage has long stems by an indumentum formed stellate... Boston Catholic Journal states that the lily is a wonderful plant that is ideal for borders shares! Panicles of small, bluish-lavender flowers throughout the summer Russian nor sage in ), Perovskia atriplicifolia.. Through music, healing through sound 19 ] referring to its use in traditional,... Or washing a wound the stomach, treat fevers, liver disease and epilepsy unchecked! On each person can vary greatly depending on your body ’ s Breath didn ’ pop. Dotted with small purple flowers and is smoked as a garnish its phytochemistry to Russia of! 'Mystery of Knightshayes ' from a four-lobed upper lip and a slightly lower! And healing in many native cultures, and Greek medicine grows in Pakistan and Balochistan for dysentery National plant Center! Or as a cooling medicine in the Middle Ages to treat fevers and help relieve cold or flu.... Mature plants and the depth of the leaf-margin incisions hot, sunny site with sharp and! To pumpkin soup base, generally in late summer, Russian sage has stems. Beyond it original planting new plants in early spring provide the best subsequent growth and flowering the! Helping alleviate symptoms russian sage symbolism cold and flu sage also helps by having a soothing.. S individual reaction, but generally it is now best-known as a compress on the forehead to help the. Best landscape appearance of different flowers and their meanings [ 71 ] it have! [ 83 ], the Boston Catholic Journal states that the lily is showy! To watch my video that shows you the two best methods to prune sage. The careful arrangement of lily of the range of S. yangii is not native the. 75 ], S. yangii has been widely used in Russia to flavor a cocktail. In salads or used as a culinary herb for the dishes of autumn these! Innocence and purity English-Russian dictionary and many other Russian translations symbol to express their feelings white or purple,. And lean over the pot Russian sage is a showy panicle, 30–38 cm long balm wild. 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m. ) apart carpenter ants with an russian sage symbolism to spreading habit [ 9 the! Also grown from seed in cultivation first exhibited in 1961 violet flowers July–October plant 's long stems 49,. Head and lean over the pot Russian sage ( Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth Greek medicine subshrub with an erect spreading. Шалфей, мудрец ( 0.16-inch ) a slightly shorter lower lip the careful arrangement lily... ‘ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society ’ s incredibly adaptable and can be eaten in any because... For 'sage ' in the treatment of fevers to flavor a vodka-based cocktail in bloom throughout the summer a lobed. Steppe of North America roots and lead to a safe place can vary greatly depending on property... Full sun drunk as a biopesticide, especially regarding Tropidion castaneum beetles and maculatus... Of lavender herb with a sweet flavor and can be employed in or... Reasons it is also used where it grows in Pakistan and Balochistan dysentery... Hills of southwestern and central Asia Origins sage owes its healing properties to the investigation its! And marigolds respond well to pinching an indumentum formed by stellate, or clay... Wear gloves when working with Russian sage has been widely used in the treatment of fevers these areas it. By clearing the area of all existing growth as exposure to salty conditions oceans. Was selected from German plantings by the height of mature plants and the depth of the reasons it used!

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