nutritional value of grass for horses

The responsibility of providing the best start for a young horse must start with the health of the mare even before she is pregnant by feeding according to a ‘forage focused’™ approach. Check out our order deadlines & office hours . A breeding mare needs vitamins and minerals matched to the grass and hay eaten for the whole of her pregnancy and then also for the lactation period. Most horses are fed more than that amount, receiving 2% of their body weight per day in grass or hay alone. Continue browsing if you're happy with this and accept our, Sarah Braithwaite, Author & Horse Health Expert, Delivery in time for Christmas? There are many different types of hay for horses that are under these two categories. This is why keeping a careful watch over your horse’s condition is essential. A pasture can potentially be the sole source of nutrition for a horse. A high quality grass hay will have a DE of around 1.9 Mcal/kg, while average pasture is 2.26 or 1.2 times greater so the 3.69 kg of grass = 1.2 x 3.69 = 4.43 kg of hay. For the first two trimesters a pregnant mare will be fed as a normal adult horse. Nutritional Value of Native Grasses. Orchard Grass is a highly palatable grass with a high nutrient content. Some of these conditions can be compensated for with good pasture management and soil amendments. Differences in nutritional value and physical characteristics should be considered when formulating diets. Avoid overgrazing by limiting the number of horses on pasture and by rotating pastures, so the grass has time to recover after grazing. Click on the image for a bigger picture. Forageplus can formulate a feed plan for you so you can mix separate vitamins into a bespoke supplement. Unlike the broad spectrum feed approaches, Forageplus – intelligent horse nutrition starts with the grass, hay or haylage your horse eats. These grains can vary widely in energy, protein, fiber, and weight. Early spring, winter, and fall may slow grass growth and make the grass less than optimum for your horse. They are fed primarily as sources of energy. Most horse owners testing the nutritional value of grass want to know about sugar levels. 01352 700841 If you cannot carry out analysis of the grass, hay or haylage fed we advise that all pregnant mares are fed our Hoof and Skin Health Balancer up to around 7 months of pregnancy and at least 6…. Hays commonly fed to horses include various pure grass hays, mixed grass hays, and legume hays such as alfalfa, and clover. Protein, carbohydrate and fat which provide the horse with energy will be compromised without the correct horse mineral elements. Sugar levels in grass are affected by how much the sun is shining or how much cloud cover there is. Sometimes referred to as Orchard Grass - a hardy, drought-tolerant grass with deep roots. Just about everything we do from too much to too little exercise, stress, jumping, prolonged cantering and galloping, travelling, sporadic feeding, parasite exposure through over crowding of pasture, water deprivation and large consumption of dried forage has the potential to influence the digestive tract. Normally free radical formation is controlled naturally by various beneficial compounds known as antioxidants. The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. Forageplus supply a range of horse antioxidant supplements, there are several nutrients in horse food that contain antioxidants. Most of the nutrients (protein, some carbohydrates and … Again, each horse is an individual, so what works for one might not be suitable for another. Grass: Most commonly timothy, orchard, Kentucky bluegrass, bromegrass, and tall fescue. Horses can digest up to 20 % fat in their diet, but it takes a span of 3 to 4 weeks for them to adjust. This mineral is scarce in many areas of North America, and that means horses won’t be getting enough from grass or hay. Finally, its value depends on the height of the grass. Cocksfoot. Some are young and developing, full of promise for the future. Forageplus can formulate a feed plan for you so you can mix separate minerals into a bespoke supplement. Others will be starved for nutrition. Horses benefit from up to 8% fat in their diets, but more does not always provide a visible benefit. Tweet LinkBack: Thread Tools: post #1 of 1 Old 07-21-2007, 02:20 AM Thread Starter. *When in doubt about what hay is best for your horse, consult your vet or an equine nutritionist to determine the best hay for your horse* The two main types of hay for horses are grass hay and legume hay. Even horses that do quite well on rich pasture may need a period of adjustment if they’ve been eating hay, say after a long winter. Here at Forageplus we believe that by supplementing with the right horse digestion supplements you can help…, Horse minerals are essential nutrients for balance, equine performance and optimum health of horses. Horses will crop grass down to the soil level, which means in hot, dry conditions, grass may burn and dry out before it has a chance to grow. NDF levels below 40 are excellent and those above 65 will likely not be eaten by most horses. We will be finished soon and then hot diggity dog it will be way better for you. They want to know if the grass their horse is eating is high in sugar or low in sugar. At Forageplus we don’t want you to waste your money or time so although we can carry out a nutritional analysis of grass for you there are a number of reasons why we think this testing is unreliable for horse owners. Carbohydrates, the main energy source in most rations, are usually fed in the form of hay, grass, and grain. Warm season grass; Moderate nutritional value with ranges of crude protein (CP) 7-10% and digestible energy (DE) of 0.77 to 0.86 Mcal/lb; Nutritional value declines with maturity, mostly observed in late summer; Bermudagrass. United Kingdom These two elements change less in grass with grass in early to mid spring being highest in both protein and calories. However the sugar content of grass fluctuates throughout the day with levels being lowest at night and highest during the afternoon. The lower the ADF value, the more digestible the nutrients in the hay. These are indispensable building blocks for the body’s own antioxidant defenses such as glutathione, EPA, DHA and the superoxide dismutase enzymes. Teff, a new type of grass hay, is touted to be an ideal choice for many horses (see sidebar at right). So although Forageplus can test the sugar and nutritional levels of the grass your horse eats, if you are looking to determine how much sugar is in the grass your horse is eating then a nutritional test is unlikely to be accurate. In some areas, minerals or other nutrients might be depleted from the soil, leaving a deficit in the nutritional value to the horse. Forageplus Ltd Not only is timothy hay very palatable, but it also has excellent nutritional value for horses, especially if it is harvested at the correct stage of growth. They have different backgrounds and genetics, different occupations, different life styles and diets. In a state where antioxidants are in abundant supply then they will stabilise and deactivate free radicals. Levels above 45 percent are of little nutritional value and samples with less than 31 percent ADF are excellent. The protein value can vary from 9 to 15%. Got more FAQs then click here to have your questions answered, Find out more about our analysis services for horses here. No endophyte fungus. Among grasses, orchardgrass does particularly well in mixed stands. All members of the equine family have evolved to extract their necessary nutrition from grasses. For information on horse feeding and health, or advice on our analysis services and equine balancers, email us through our contact page now. Reed canarygrass is a tall, leafy, high-yielding cool-season perennial grass. Be prepared to supplement with hay and possibly concentrates. [email protected] Horses and donkeys especially are able to extract nutrients from coarse grasses and plants that might not support a larger horse. Soil Test or a Forage Test – What’s Best? Equine Calcified Plus. Different types of hay for horses can vary in nutritional value, taste or texture. If you want to test horse grass by using a nutritional analysis then Forageplus can answer your questions. Many horses are sensitive to sugar levels in grass particularly in spring and early summer. The Spruce Pets uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. However if you do want to test horse grass using a nutritional analysis then contact us so we can help. This mineral is scarce in many areas of North America, and that means horses won’t be getting enough from grass or hay. Join Date: Mar 2007. futolympeventer327. The simple answer is yes. This stress can be due many environmental factors such as exposure to pollutants, poor diet, toxins, etc. Optimum horse hay moisture ranges from 10 to 16 percent. One that is present in less than adequate amounts is referred to as a limiting amino acid because it will limit protein synthesis. Amino acids are the building blocks from which proteins and DNA are made and is succinctly referred to in the Nutrient Requirements of Horses 2007: As a non-ruminant species there are 10 presumed essential amino acids for the horse: arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. Tolerant to pest attack, but can suffer fungal rust disease. A balanced supplement is ideal for replacing this essential mineral. On the best quality pasture, horses should be able to get all the nutrients they need. Legumes also tend to have higher calcium concentration and slightly higher energy (calorie) content than grasses (see Table 1). If you don’t want to do this very bespoke approach then our range of nutritionally forage focused balancers, formulated to cover deficiencies revealed by hundreds of analytical forage reports, is the next best thing you can do to achieve optimum nutritional support for your horse. Where horses are exposed to environmental challenges and are dependent upon grass, hay or haylage which may be low or unbalanced in certain key nutrients…, Providing horse amino acids and horse protein in high enough levels and of best quality is crucial for optimum health of equine skin, equine hooves, equine muscles and the horse’s whole body system. Unit 10 Broncoed Business Park Forageplus only stocks the horse vitamins your horse might be deficient in if on a high fibre, forage based diet. We apologise for any incovenience whilst you were visiting to shop and read our articles. Horses prefer to graze on shorter rather than longer grasses. THE BASICS OF EQUINE NUTRITION By Carey A Williams, Ph.D., Extension Specialist in Equine Management Rutgers University Digestive System Limitations Horses are non-ruminant herbivores (hind-gut fermentors). , 02:20 AM Thread Starter basic hay analysis costs about $ 20 synthesised! 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