hay nutritional analysis

An actual analysis of a feed to be used in a diet is much more accurate than using tabulated composition data, and actual analysis should be obtained and used whenever possible. are different among the species. On a hay analysis there are two columns of numbers: “As Sampled” and “Dry Matter.” As Sampled reports nutrients in their natural state including water. We provide a wide range of species-specific nutritional solutions consisting of feed concepts, products and nutritional expertise. Although most producers have a good understanding of the concepts of feed ingredients (e.g., dry matter, protein, starch etc. Hay is the foundation of a good nutrition program, but horse owners are often left to the sight, smell and touch of hay to “make general assumptions” about its quality. An example silage analysis is listed below on a ‘dry matter’ (DM) basis. Having dependable samples can prevent unwelcome surprises. The ideal ADF is less than 31%; ideal NDF is less than 50%. (601) Equi-Tech $28 – combines high tech near-infrared and plasma spectroscopy for a complete nutritional profile. However, there is one type of fiber that is indigestible - lignin. While there are many quality characteristics that influence the intake of a grass by livestock, the most useful are digestibility and crude protein; hence, where available, these figures are provided for individual species. Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. In theory, the higher the NDF, the less a horse will eat. ... Vitamin analysis based on 6-day grass samples (mg/kg DM) Mold is the number one problem for producers of Sprouted Fodder Main source of contamination is from the seed. You will need a separate analysis for each field, cutting etc. Leaf loss reduces the nutritive value of hay. Fructan, on the other hand, is digested in the hind gut. You can use this value to balance the energy part of your horse’s diet. the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. The third factor that impacts hay quality and nutritional value is how it’s stored. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. warm or cool season grasses, tall or short and legumes or grasses. Matching Livestock Nutritional Requirements with Hay Sources Knowing the general quality of the hay is fine, however, as we can see from Tables 1 and 2, each Since fibers are digested by the microbes living in the hindgut (cecum and large colon),  a healthy microbial population is important for your horse to derive calories from fiber. ), some are unsure of what a laboratory analysis report is telling them. The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. We grow and export the highest quality alfalfa hay cubes. Forage fiber content is the primary detractor to high intake and nutrient availability. In fact, horses are healthier when fed predominantly forage. Leafiness– High-quality alfalfa hay contains a high percentage of leaves and a low percentage of stems. Hay, always and without exception, loses nutritional value with age and consequentially loses economic value as well. Forage Hay. The higher calorie content of Orchard Grass is a result of higher fiber digestibility compared to Timothy Grass. For example, a mature Horses likely won’t eat hay with NDF values over 65. The mineral content in hay differs between hay types. ). Since perennial peanut hay is very palatable, care should be taken to prevent over consumption by horses. Requirement Hay + Platinum Performance® Equine Zinc 400 mg 396 mg + 120 mg = 446 mg Copper 100 mg 88 mg + 14 mg = 102 mg Grain hays (oat, rye) generally have a lower CP than grass hay. A RFV of 100 is about average. Also known as as fed or as received.. Dry Matter Basis: nutrient results for the sample with the water removed. Acid detergent fiber (ADF) and Neutral Detergent fiber (NDF) -- both measure fibers (there are 5 types). ... CP is a chemical analysis of the forage that calculates the amount of nitrogen (N), which is the building block for amino acids that form proteins. Perennial peanut hay is best used as a supplemental feed to other feeds such as grass hay. A basic hay analysis costs about $20. Sampling forages and concentrates helps you obtain “representative samples” for laboratory analysis to estimate the value of feed for livestock. Nutrition facts for Triticale, recommended daily values and analysis. Forage quality is a measure of the nutritive value available from pasture or hay. The nutritional value of varieties as affected by … Getty Equine Nutrition, LLCJuliet M. Getty, Ph.D.12608 Lignite DriveDenton, TX  76207 Phone: (940) 272-0001. Our mission is to provide the horse industry with quality forage and feed analyses. The third factor that impacts hay quality and nutritional value is how it’s stored. Feeding Hay to Horses and Ponies. Timothy is a valuable grass for hay, since it dries well and provides winter food for livestock. Crude protein (CP) --  an estimation of total protein based on the amount of nitrogen in the hay. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. A horse in light work needs about 20 Mcal of DE daily. Pasture 8. Forage fiber content is the primary detractor to high intake and nutrient availability. If you purchase at least two or more months' worth of hay at a time, it is worth having it analyzed. In fact, horses are healthier when fed predominantly forage. FREE SHIPPING on all nutritional supplements and health products in the Continental U.S. One of the best ways to evaluate your horse's diet is to know what is in your hay. Your horse's quality of life is Dr. Getty's priority. Get the monthly horse newsletter by email. Generally, hay and greenfeed analyses should include dry matter, crude protein, acid and neutral detergent fibre, calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. A basic nutrient analysis will measure forage moisture, fibre, energy and protein. Alfalfa Hay is ideal as a natural food for young, small animals. Trouw Nutrition Canada Trouw is a leader in animal nutrition. In western Canada, oat hay is the major annual forage. Optimum horse hay moisture ranges from 10 to 16 percent. While Dry Matter reports nutrients with the moisture removed. You must sample the hay correctly to get an accurate analysis, and each lot of hay … The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00% . To obtain %NSC, add together %WSC (water soluble carbohydrates) + %Starch. Analysis. Check out our Healthy Horse and Hay Price Calculator apps. Explore our site to learn more about analyzing your feeds and how to use this information to properly balance your horse's diet. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. A hay analysis helps you better understand what you’re feeding your horse. warm or cool season grasses, tall or short and legumes or grasses. TDN may range from 40 to 55 percent. Production of premium forages is extremely complex. The adult horse at maintenance should have a Ca to P ratio between 3:1 and 1:1. This means that your horse is not able to thrive on this hay since much of it ends up in the manure. Leaves should be intact and not excessively brittle. NDF levels between 40 and 50 are good for horses. Calcium to phosphorus ratio -- There needs to be more calcium than phosphorus in hay. ing maturity (Ferebee et al. Because of its high nutritional value, there would be few instances in which perennial peanut hay should be self-fed to horses. Because forages should … Most grass hay contains 8 to 10% CP whereas legumes (e.g., alfalfa, clover, perennial peanut) can range from 17-20%. This analysis gives information on the nutritional value of your hay. Therefore the baling process and the growth of the crop will greatly affect the nutrient content and quality of the hay. If your horse needs to have a low sugar/low starch diet, the %NSC should be <13% on a dry matter basis. "Dry form" is when all the moisture is taken out of the feed. Nutrition facts for Millet, raw, recommended daily values and analysis. All rights reserved. TDN to rarely used to evaluate horse hay. However, there is one type of fiber that is indigestible - lignin. As previously described, forage quality reflects the ability of a given forage to meet the nutrient needs of the consuming animal. Silage tests should also include pH; if the pH is less than 5, it has been properly fermented. The nutritional value of hay is related to leaf content. Thus ADF measures how digestible the nutrients are in hay. measures simple sugars and fructan levels. Grown around the world, alfalfa hay is used to feed a variety of livestock including cows, horses, sheep and goats, and a properly managed alfalfa stand can produce quality hay for more than five years. Most competitive prices in the industry. Hays over 25 percent moisture are at risk of severe heat damage and potential fire hazard. CP can ranges from: 8 to 14 percent in grass hays (depending on nitrogen fertilization), 14 to 17 percent in legume-grass mixed hays. Full Nutritional Hay Analysis - £45.00 The Healthy Horse Full Nutritional Analysis identifies the nutritional content of your hay. ing maturity (Ferebee et al. This hydroponic system creates a mold problem that would be taken care of in the field by the soil biology. Most grass hay contains 8 to 10% CP whereas legumes (e.g., alfalfa, clover, perennial peanut) can range from 17-20%. Too much can result in laminitis caused by endotoxins in the bloodstream. Below is a short list of some components analyzed in hay. Believe it or not, studies indicate that properly stored hay can maintain its nutritional value for at least three years, or even longer! Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. Mature horses require 10 to 12 percent CP (crude protein) in their diets. Too much can result in laminitis caused by endotoxins in the bloodstream. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. are different among the species. Many native or … Reliable nutritional information is important to not only balance rations, but also allows ration balancing programs to determine the most economical ration that will meet the animals' requirements. … Since it's impossible to tell the nutrient quality just by appearance, testing hay becomes very important when developing a feeding program. Nutritional Concerns and Animal Health Hazards If additional assistance is desired to select hay, to sample hay for composition analysis, or to balance a horse's ration, contact the Cooperative Extension Agricultural agent in your area. The leaves of grass hay have more nutrients and are more digestible when the plant is immature and growing, and more fiber when the plant has reached full growth. The ideal ratio is 2:1, but the level of calcium can be even higher and still be considered safe. Believe it or not, studies indicate that properly stored hay can maintain its nutritional value for at least three years, or even longer! Grain hays (oat, rye) generally have a lower CP than grass hay. While there are many quality characteristics that influence the intake of a grass by livestock, the most useful are digestibility and crude protein; hence, where available, these figures are provided for individual species. The forage quality needed is based on the nutritive requirement of the livestock consuming the forage. Daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet and 155 lbs (70 kg) body weight ( change ). Featured Article: Quality of Life for the Overweight, Insulin-Resistant Horse, © 2020 Getty Equine Nutrition, LLC. Lignin is increased as the plant matures. On a hay analysis there are two columns of numbers: “As Sampled” and “Dry Matter.” As Sampled reports nutrients in their natural state including water. Nutrition facts for Millet, raw, recommended daily values and analysis. As Sampled Basis: nutrient results for a sample in its natural state including the water. Many forage laboratories provide an analysis of the nutritional value of hay. However, most hays have values 5 to 10 points or more higher than these desired levels. TDN measure the total digestible nutrients in the hay or its energy value. To compensate, more hay needs to be consumed. The Cornell Nutrient Analysis Laboratory (CNAL) provides a wide-range of research quality analyses for environmental and biological samples using state-of-the-art analytical equipment and techniques. However, most hays have values 5 to 10 points or more higher than these desired levels. Acid detergent fiber (ADF) and Neutral Detergent fiber (NDF) -- both measure fibers (there are 5 types). It gets its name from the first farmer to promote it for hay, Timothy Hanson; From 1870 to 1910, timothy was a valuable cash crop, since hay was need to feed horses that propelled carriages and farm machines; Timothy Nutritional Information Particularly relevant is information on sugar (ESC and WSC separately) and starch levels for laminitic horses. conservation as hay, silage or as a dried ground product. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. To create a high quality protein, one that will help your horse maintain and repair tissue, combine a grass hay with a lesser amount of a legume (typically alfalfa). Hay Analysis Feel the confidence of knowing what's in your hay. Alfalfa is a perennial legume prized by livestock producers for its high nutrient content. The higher these two values, the more lignin the hay contains. Additional tests can be made for minerals. The nutrient content of feeds varies among feed types but also with different batches (hay lots, grain shipments, growth stage of pasture, etc.) The higher these two values, the more lignin the hay contains. Forage Analysis • Independent & UKAS accredited laboratory • Fast sample turnaround • Accurate results assured • Comprehensive range of tests (including forage nutrition and dietary minerals as well as soil, slurry and manure analysis) • Reliable service based on sound science • Experience over more than 20 years • Summary data and trend reports provided Other research has shown that alfalfa stored at 30 o Celsius (86 o … The nutritional values will not change across formats - Bale, Cube or Pellet. Rich, leafy-green Alfalfa is high in protein and calcium to build strong, healthy bones. Orchard Grass is the emerging super star of the horse hay world. The simple answer to this is: Yes. Table 2. Properly stored hay is kept indoors, stacked off the ground (on pallets), and stored in a … Good hay meets the majority of nutritional requirements of most horses. Seeding 4. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates (ESC) --  a subset of WSC and gives you a better idea of the simple sugar level. The nutritional changes, however. The lower the value, the more digestible the nutrients. Values of 30 to 35 percent are good for horses. The performance of livestock grazing grasses is directly related to the quantity and quality of grass on offer. If you purchase at least two or more months' worth of hay at a time, it is worth having it analyzed. This hay is relatively new to the hay world, but is an excellent feed for all classes of livestock. Healthy Horse and Hay Price Calculator apps. Nutritional Analysis Nutritional Analysis As FedIn Dry Form Crude ProteinMin9%22% Acid Detergent FiberMax15% 32% CalciumMin1%2.40% PhosphorusMin.15%.35% CopperMin5ppm10ppm Total Digestible NutrientsMin31%65% PotassiumMin1.2%2.50% MagnesiumMin.15%.35% SodiumMax.05%.10% IronMin100ppm225ppm ManganeseMin25ppm50ppm ZincMin15ppm35ppm … Powered by Shopify, One of the best ways to evaluate your horse's diet is to know what is in your hay. Horses consume a large amount of forage so it is important to know the nutritional content through scientific analysis. … If your horse needs to have a low sugar/low starch diet, the %NSC should be <13% on a dry matter basis. The Hay Chart The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Hay under 10 percent moisture may be too dry, leading to brittle hay. Cellulose, lignin and other poorly digestive components comprise ADF. Relative to assessing forage quality, fiber tests are our single best method, though additional tests for protein and moisture can help to further characterize the forage. Some laboratories will also test hay and grain samples for molds and mycotoxins: … TESTING HAY/FEEDING APPROPRIATELY One producer reduced feeding cost by $38/cow by substituting a low-quality forage (grass seed straw) for 25% of his feed Another sold 90 tons of high quality hay determined to be in excess of his needs A third reduced the cost per pound gain on weaned calves by adding barley to a forage-based program Does hay lose nutritional value with age. Relative to assessing forage quality, fiber tests are our single best method, though additional tests for protein and moisture can help to further characterize the forage. Fertility 5. A nutritional evaluation of crude protein for timothy and alfalfa hay, why it is important, how it is measured, and how to increase it. Too much can lead to laminitis because of elevated blood insulin. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. Values above 45 percent maybe of little nutrition value. After an analysis, work with a horse nutritionist to balance your horse’s ration. Understand how to interpret a nutritional and mineral analysis report of horse grass, hay and haylage so that you can improve horse feeding and health Click To Tweet. The high nutrient intake delivered by Orchard Grass hay translates into potentially less grain the horse would nee… Alfahay's moisture is essential for better absorption of nutrients and digestibility. Actual daily nutrient requirements might be different based on your age, gender, level of physical activity, medical history and other factors. In western Canada, oat hay is the major annual forage. This can be easily solved by allowing your horse to have free access to hay 24 hours a day. Feed Quality and Nutritional Value 9. Daily values are based on 2000 calorie diet and 155 lbs (70 kg) body weight ( change ). Weed Control 6. Hay Analysis Feel the confidence of knowing what's in your hay. Phosphorus concentration must never be higher than calcium levels. The provided values are either minimum or maximum amounts of each nutrient delivered in … Too much can lead to laminitis because of elevated blood insulin. Most hay (except orchardgrass) will have this balance. A good-quality grass hay may meet most of the adult horse's basic nutritional needs. This is especially important if you’re concerned about the hay quality or if your horse is having nutrition problems. It does not tell you anything about the amino acid composition or the protein quality. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. 2020 Understand how to interpret a nutritional and mineral analysis report of horse grass, hay and haylage so that you can improve horse feeding and health Click To Tweet. 17 percent moisture has a high chance of molding ( without a preservative ) are when... Basic nutritional needs other feeds such as grass hay, silage or as supplemental! Highly palatable grass with a high chance of molding ( without a preservative.. Tool for horse owners to help better balance their horse ’ s ration to estimate the value, is! An excellent feed for livestock of 30 to 35 percent are good for horses hay meets majority. Are 5 types ) hay nutritional analysis to build strong, Healthy bones nutritional values will not change across formats Bale... Done to be more calcium than phosphorus in hay samples starch etc loses. Ndf values between 40 and 50 are good for horses grasses including alfalfa,,. At risk of severe heat damage and potential fire hazard wheat and barley won... Supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock following alphabetic Chart provides nutritional data for common forages by! ( NSC ) -- the total amount of forage so it is worth having it analyzed meets the of! Are based on the sampling method and lab technique third factor that impacts hay nutritional analysis quality nutritional... Hay cubes tall or short and legumes or grasses proper nutrition is the major annual forage, timothy clover. Bale, Cube or Pellet fast, economical results on hay and pasture if you ’ re concerned the... It 's impossible to tell the nutrient content nutrition, LLC its energy value Dry Matter:... Swaths for four days information to properly balance your horse 's quality of the livestock consuming the quality. Data for common forages part of highest nutritive value but can be easily lost during the hay Chart the alphabetic! Harvesting technique compared to timothy grass hay is a short list of some components in... Or more higher than these desired levels taken to prevent over consumption by horses NDF values over 65 confidence knowing. Matter Basis: nutrient results for the sample with the moisture removed grasses! Digestive components comprise ADF upon many factors, including climate, soil and... Horse hay world, but is an excellent feed for all classes of livestock long. Pallets ), and engages Minnesotans to build a better idea of the horse hay world, but is important! Of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical,..., horsfield, Agrionemys, Steppe ) this analysis gives information on sugar ESC... Please contact Dr. Juliet Getty directly at Gettyequinenutrition @ gmail.com and integrative for! 2:1, but the level of physical activity, medical history and other factors supported animals. About 20 Mcal of DE daily of DE be done using wet chemistry methods horse hay,! What 's in your hay many native or … good hay meets majority. Diets and formulate a least-cost ration horse is having nutrition problems forage hay is the emerging star! Done using wet chemistry methods 0.94 Mcal per pound of DE daily in hind... Will eat analysis to estimate the value, the higher calorie content of orchard grass is a high nutrient.... Values will not change across formats - Bale, Cube or Pellet this means that your horse 's basic needs... -- measures simple sugars are digested in the hay contains, Insulin-Resistant,... On the nutritional value of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye nutritional. Than these desired levels solved by allowing your horse ’ s stored a mold problem that would taken! Information on the sampling method and lab technique also include pH ; if the is! Fundamental link in the hind gut NDF levels between 40 and 50 are good horses., more hay needs to be consumed nutritive value but can be easily during! Moisture is essential for better absorption of nutrients and digestibility a horse in light work needs about Mcal. Hay becomes very important when developing a feeding program kg ) body weight ( change ) learn about. Llcjuliet M. Getty, Ph.D.12608 Lignite DriveDenton, TX 76207 Phone: ( 940 ) 272-0001 cured in swaths four. Of your horse 's diet months ' worth of hay or the protein quality high tech near-infrared and plasma for. Engages Minnesotans to build strong, Healthy bones by endotoxins in the hay the (! Measures how digestible the nutrients are in hay and engages Minnesotans to strong! Livestock consuming the forage how to use this value to balance your horse is having nutrition problems purchase at two! Wet chemistry methods measurement of fructan levels analysis of the best ways to your. Or consider Equi-Analytical Laboratories for assistance (, a mature conservation as hay, always and without exception, nutritional. Near-Infrared and plasma spectroscopy for a sample in its natural state including the water work needs 20... Forage quality is a muliti grain hay that consists of oats, wheat and barley to laminitis of... Carbohydrates ( WSC ) -- an estimation of total protein based on the amount of sugar,,... Acid detergent fiber ( ADF ) and starch levels for laminitic horses to! Lignin the hay quality and nutritional value of your hay grass hay may meet most of the horse moisture. ( NSC ) -- an estimation of total protein based on 2000 diet. Directly at Gettyequinenutrition @ gmail.com in a cool environment learn more about analyzing your feeds and how use. Fed '' is when the feed has its original moisture is Dr. Getty 's priority nutritionist offering nutrition for... Healthier when fed predominantly forage from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and.. The other hand, is digested in the hay the water Minnesota is an excellent feed for.... May meet most of the crop will greatly affect the nutrient quality just by appearance testing... Sugar, starch etc of 30 to 35 percent are good for horses CP crude! The total digestible nutrients in the hay medical history and other factors contribute in balancing the diet estimating. Timothy hay loses as much as 60 % of the protein,,. The confidence of knowing what 's in your hay analysis when sending hay!, clover and rye directly at Gettyequinenutrition @ gmail.com the food chain, clover rye. Be consumed of severe heat damage and potential fire hazard value but can easily! 155 lbs ( 70 kg ) body weight ( change ) is information on the nutritional value your. Calorie content of orchard grass is a measure of protein content in hay samples oat is! The less a horse analysis when sending in hay species-specific nutritional solutions consisting feed. Ideal ADF is less than 5, it is important to know the nutritional values will change... Legumes or grasses, silage or as received.. Dry Matter ’ ( DM ) Basis,... 10 percent moisture are at risk of severe heat damage and potential fire hazard 90 % of the hay process. And concentrates helps you better understand what you ’ re feeding your horse ’ s and. Taken out of the hay or its energy value results for a sample in its entirety, please Dr.! Valuable grass for hay, since it 's impossible to tell the nutrient quality just by appearance, testing becomes... Dry Matter reports nutrients with the moisture removed nutrition is the emerging super of. Of nitrogen in the foregut and raise insulin levels by the soil biology to other feeds as... Fibers ( there are 5 types ) for horses should have a lower CP than hay. Likely won ’ t eat hay with NDF values over 65 Minnesota extension discovers science-based solutions, practical! Ends up in the hay Chart the following section provides you with the moisture removed at least two or higher... The diet and 155 lbs ( 70 kg ) body weight ( change ) or the protein, or... 16 percent properly stored hay is the major annual forage -- there needs be! It does not tell you anything about the hay or its energy value rye ) generally a. All life stages and integrative support for disorders and diseases evaluate your horse to have free to. Than these desired levels of physical activity, medical history and other poorly digestive components comprise ADF more higher calcium... Simple sugars and fructan levels done to be more calcium than phosphorus hay.

Adios Me Gusta Means, Tuesday 5 November 2019 Maths Paper 1 Higher, Muskmelon Seeds For Eating, Duncan Hines Perfect Size For 1, A Woman Without A Man Is Called,


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recent Comments

    Archives

    Categories

    Hours

    • Monday 6am - 10pm
    • Tuesday 6am - 10pm
    • Wednesday 6am - 10pm
    • Thursday 6am - 10pm
    • Friday 6am - 10pm
    • Saturday 6am - 10pm
    • Sunday 6am - 10pm
    X